Tech

Why Are Some iTunes Songs ‘Purchased’ and Others ‘Protected’?

Learn the Differences in iTunes File Formats

The songs in your iTunes library appear to be essentially the same, since they are all audio files. However, if you look closely, you will see that many songs are of the same type of audio file, but different songs differ in key ways. Depending on how the song is different, you can decide where you can get it and what you can do with it.

The instructions in this article are for iTunes version 12, originally released in 2014.

How to find the file type of a song in iTunes and macOS Music

The process for identifying the file type of a song is almost identical in iTunes and the Music app on macOS Catalina (10.15). Here’s what to do:

Open iTunes or Music and go to your music library.

  • in iTunes Song Under library Left section when turned on library tab.
  • choose from music Song Under library The title of the left pane.

Right-click on a song title in the library to open the options menu.

Choose get information.

The command in iTunes is song information.

Get information on how to sing on macOS Music

press file tab.

Files tab in Music Inspector

The file type is displayed next to it. kind.

Files tab in music

Most common file types in iTunes and Music

The file format of a song is related to its origin. Songs ripped from a CD appear in iTunes (usually AAC or MP3 files) depending on your import settings. Songs you buy from the iTunes Store, Amazon, or Apple Music can be completely different things. Here are the most common types of files you can find in your iTunes library and what they mean.

  • AAC audio files: Standard AAC (Advanced Audio Coding) files are created by converting MP3 files using iTunes’ built-in AAC encoder or by ripping songs from CD. AAC is the successor to MP3.
  • Adjusted AAC Audio File: Standard AAC audio files, excluding computers or iOS devices, downloaded from your iCloud account using iTunes Match.
  • Apple Music AAC Audio File: Standard AAC files except for Apple Music. Added to library. Some digital rights management (DRM) restrictions apply to this file format. B. Active Apple Music subscription required. If you cancel your subscription, you will lose access to the songs. Also, you cannot burn Apple Music songs to CD.
  • MPEG audio files: Standard MP3 files, classic digital audio format. You may have downloaded the song from the Internet, or iTunes may have used iTunes’ built-in MP3 encoder to rip the song from the CD.
  • Protected AAC Audio File: The default file format for songs purchased by users from the iTunes Store before the DRM-free iTunes Plus format was introduced in April 2009. Protected in this case means that DRM limits it to devices authorized by the Apple ID used to purchase the song. This restriction prevents copying or sharing of songs.
  • Purchased AAC audio files: Purchased AAC files become protected AAC files when upgrading to iTunes Plus format. DRM-based copy restrictions no longer apply to these files. All tracks on the iTunes Store sold after April 2009 are in DRM-free AAC audio file format.

Can I share purchased music?

Not only is music sharing illegal (and stealing money from the musicians who made the music), there are a few in proprietary AAC files that allow record companies to find out who shared the song illegally.

Protected AAC/iTunes Plus tracks contain information that identifies who purchased and shared the track by name. Things are easier if you’re sharing your music and wanting to be tracked by a record company and sued for copyright infringement.

The exception to this rule is music you share with family members who are set up as part of Family Sharing. This type of music exchange does not lead to legal issues.


More information

Why Are Some iTunes Songs ‘Purchased’ and Others ‘Protected’?

Learn the difference between iTunes file types

The songs in your iTunes library may seem essentially the same because they’re all audio files. But, if you look closely, you’ll find out that even though many of the songs are the same kind of audio file, others differ in major ways. The ways that songs differ can determine where you get them and what you can do with them.

Instructions in this article apply to version 12 of iTunes, originally released in 2014.
How to Find a Song’s File Type in iTunes and macOS Music

The process to identify a song’s file type is almost identical in both iTunes and the Music app in macOS Catalina (10.15). Here’s what to do.

Open iTunes or Music and navigate to your Music Library.

In iTunes, click Songs under the Library section on the left when you’re on the Library tab.
In Music, select Songs under the Library heading in the left pane.

Right-click the song title in your library to open the options menu.

Select Get Info.

In iTunes, the command is called Song Info.

Click the File tab.

The file type appears next to Kind.

The Most Common File Types in iTunes and Music

The song’s file type has to do with where it came from. Songs that you rip from a CD show up in iTunes based on your import settings (usually as AAC or MP3 files). Songs purchased from the iTunes Store, Amazon, or Apple Music might be something else entirely. Here are some of the most common kinds of files found in an iTunes library and what each one means:

AAC audio file: a standard AAC (Advanced Audio Coding) file comes from converting an MP3 or ripping a song from a CD using iTunes’ built-in AAC encoder. AAC is the successor to MP3.
Matched AAC audio file: a standard AAC audio file, except that your computer or iOS device downloaded it from your iCloud account using iTunes Match.
Apple Music AAC audio file: a standard AAC file, except that Apple Music. added it to your library. This file type has some Digital Rights Management (DRM) restrictions, such as requiring an active Apple Music subscription. If you cancel your subscription, you’ll lose access to the song. You also can’t burn Apple Music songs to a CD.
MPEG audio file: a standard MP3 file, the classic digital audio format. You may have downloaded it from the web, or iTunes ripped the song from a CD using iTunes’ built-in MP3 encoder.
Protected AAC audio file: This was the default file type for songs users purchased from the iTunes Store prior to the introduction of the DRM-free iTunes Plus format in April 2009. Protected, in this case, means DRM restricts it to devices authorized with the Apple ID used to buy the song. This restriction prevents the song from being copied or shared.
Purchased AAC audio file: A Purchased AAC file is what a Protected AAC file becomes when it’s been upgraded to the iTunes Plus format. These files no longer have the DRM-based copy restrictions. All songs at the iTunes Store sold after April 2009 are in the DRM-free Purchased AAC audio file format.
Can You Share Purchased Music?

Not only is sharing music illegal (and takes money out of the pockets of the musicians who made the music), but there are some things in Protected AAC files that make it possible for record companies to find out who illegally shared a song.

Protected AAC/iTunes Plus songs have information embedded in them that identifies the user who bought and shared the song by name. If you share your music and record companies want to track you down and sue you for copyright infringement, it’s going to be easier.​​

One exception to this rule is music that you share among family members who are set up as part of Family Sharing. That kind of music sharing won’t lead to any legal problems.

#iTunes #Songs #Purchased #Protected

Why Are Some iTunes Songs ‘Purchased’ and Others ‘Protected’?

Learn the difference between iTunes file types

The songs in your iTunes library may seem essentially the same because they’re all audio files. But, if you look closely, you’ll find out that even though many of the songs are the same kind of audio file, others differ in major ways. The ways that songs differ can determine where you get them and what you can do with them.

Instructions in this article apply to version 12 of iTunes, originally released in 2014.
How to Find a Song’s File Type in iTunes and macOS Music

The process to identify a song’s file type is almost identical in both iTunes and the Music app in macOS Catalina (10.15). Here’s what to do.

Open iTunes or Music and navigate to your Music Library.

In iTunes, click Songs under the Library section on the left when you’re on the Library tab.
In Music, select Songs under the Library heading in the left pane.

Right-click the song title in your library to open the options menu.

Select Get Info.

In iTunes, the command is called Song Info.

Click the File tab.

The file type appears next to Kind.

The Most Common File Types in iTunes and Music

The song’s file type has to do with where it came from. Songs that you rip from a CD show up in iTunes based on your import settings (usually as AAC or MP3 files). Songs purchased from the iTunes Store, Amazon, or Apple Music might be something else entirely. Here are some of the most common kinds of files found in an iTunes library and what each one means:

AAC audio file: a standard AAC (Advanced Audio Coding) file comes from converting an MP3 or ripping a song from a CD using iTunes’ built-in AAC encoder. AAC is the successor to MP3.
Matched AAC audio file: a standard AAC audio file, except that your computer or iOS device downloaded it from your iCloud account using iTunes Match.
Apple Music AAC audio file: a standard AAC file, except that Apple Music. added it to your library. This file type has some Digital Rights Management (DRM) restrictions, such as requiring an active Apple Music subscription. If you cancel your subscription, you’ll lose access to the song. You also can’t burn Apple Music songs to a CD.
MPEG audio file: a standard MP3 file, the classic digital audio format. You may have downloaded it from the web, or iTunes ripped the song from a CD using iTunes’ built-in MP3 encoder.
Protected AAC audio file: This was the default file type for songs users purchased from the iTunes Store prior to the introduction of the DRM-free iTunes Plus format in April 2009. Protected, in this case, means DRM restricts it to devices authorized with the Apple ID used to buy the song. This restriction prevents the song from being copied or shared.
Purchased AAC audio file: A Purchased AAC file is what a Protected AAC file becomes when it’s been upgraded to the iTunes Plus format. These files no longer have the DRM-based copy restrictions. All songs at the iTunes Store sold after April 2009 are in the DRM-free Purchased AAC audio file format.
Can You Share Purchased Music?

Not only is sharing music illegal (and takes money out of the pockets of the musicians who made the music), but there are some things in Protected AAC files that make it possible for record companies to find out who illegally shared a song.

Protected AAC/iTunes Plus songs have information embedded in them that identifies the user who bought and shared the song by name. If you share your music and record companies want to track you down and sue you for copyright infringement, it’s going to be easier.​​

One exception to this rule is music that you share among family members who are set up as part of Family Sharing. That kind of music sharing won’t lead to any legal problems.

#iTunes #Songs #Purchased #Protected


Synthetic: Vik News

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I'm Do Thuy, passionate about creativity, blogging every day is what I'm doing. It's really what I love. Follow me for useful knowledge about society, community and learning.

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